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Demonstration Project on Strategies to Combat Desertification in Arid Lands with Direct Involvement of Local Agropastoral Communities in North Africa

Objectives: General Objectives: to contribute to the fight against desertification in Morocco and Tunisia, through restoration of degraded rangelands, in cooperation with national and local competent authorities and in particular by implementing a participatory approach at the rural community level. Specific objectives are the realisation of mitigation actions in Mediterranean arid rangelands affected by Desertification and their rehabilitation to productivity by a participatory approach at the rural community level and the development and dissemination of knowledge and innovation techniques in the field of combating desertification
Sectorial Topic (Note): Sustainable use and management of rangelands
Actor(s)[Nation(Ministry, Agency)/Organization]: University of Sassari (Italy); Direction de l’Elevage au Ministre de l’Agriculture, du Développement Rurale t des Eaux et Forets (Morocco); Office de l’Elevage et des Paturages (OEP) (Tunisia)
Contents: Restoration of vegetation cover with drought resistant perennial species in highly degraded extensive pasture lands, to mitigate desertification processes and to improve range lands productivity. The areas are located in regions characterised by rural poverty, food dependency and land abandoning; here urgent measures are needed to promote optimisation of resource management in view of a sustainable development. Successful actions already carried out in this field by the participants of the project as well as by other Mediterranean Countries, are took into account, re-elaborated and exploited thus promoting South / South co-operation and exchange of knowledge. Such exchange will also be favoured by promoting the use of Internet by all actors involved in the project (participants, Universities, NGOs, representatives of local communities) and by the creation of network also open to other external observers from other Mediterranean Countries.
Means of Implementation:
Target year: 2005
Target Area/Place: Morocco, Tunisia - Rural Municipality of Ouled Dlim (Morocco); ·Imada de Skhiret (Tunisia)
Expected Outcome(S): Rehabilitation methods and techniques to recover and to increase the productivity of degraded rangelands by using perennial drought-resistant species having high pastoral value or fruit species, also through the creation of local GIS-remote sensing stations. Realization of direct desertification mitigation actions in the target areas, with particular reference to wind and water erosion. Increase of rangelands productivity through both forage shrub species and fruit species.·Development of technical capacities of local land planners on topics directly related to plantations realization and management, through specific training. ·Development of skillness and capacities of local participants through the organization of training and specialisation courses related to the different field activities.·Information circulation and dissemination about project activities and results through the realization of demonstration, sensibilization and information circulation activities at different levels, including international networking to improve the South-South exchange of the acquired knowledge and of North-South know-how exchange and also through the production of specific illustrated didactic and dissemination material.
Relevance to the Plan of Implementation of WSSD: According to the plan of implementation, the project aims to strengthen the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification to address causes of desertification and land degradation in order to maintain and restore land, and to address poverty resulting from land degradation (§ 41). In particular providing affordable local access to information to improve monitoring and early warning related to desertification and drought ( § 41, e)
Other Information:
(Contact): Dott. Claudio Zucca
NRD (Nucleo Ricerca Desertificazione) Università di Sassari (Italy)
Address: via E. De Nicola, 9 c/o Dip. Di Sc. Zootecniche
Tel: +
Fax : +
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